Saya Lahir dari Sastra Cyber

Oleh M Badri

Terbitnya situs www.cybersastra.net pada medio 2001 silam, menjadi catatan penting bagi perkembangan kesusastraan di Indonesia. Banyak sastrawan generasi baru lahir dari rahim sastra cyber tersebut. Termasuk saya, yang belajar merangkai kata di media virtual itu. Media baru bagi publikasi sastra yang lebih demokratis dan tidak mengenal kasta. Media alternatif bagi calon sastrawan yang belum mampu menembus hegemoni “sastra koran”.

Di ruang sastra cyber tersebut, saya belajar menulis, berdialektika, termasuk belajar menerima makian dan pujian. Karena menyediakan ruang terbuka bagi kebebasan estetik dan tematik itulah, segelintir sastrawan menilai sastra cyber sebagai “tong sampah”. Di “tong sampah” itulah saya mulai memungut kata dan menjadikannya puisi, cerpen, esai dan solilokui.

Sastra cyber juga mendorong terciptanya ranah sastra multikultural. Lunturnya batas-batas geografis di dunia cyber membuat semua kelompok budaya dapat berdampingan, dengan karakter lokalitasnya masing-masing. Karena menurut Mahayana (2010) lokalitas dalam sastra bukanlah sekadar ruang, lokasi, tempat atau wilayah geografis. Lokalitas seperti mengalami pereduksian menjadi sekadar latar (setting) dalam teks yang mewartakan tempat, situasi, suasana, atau gambaran tentang masyarakat budaya.

Meski berasal dari genre sastra cyber saya tidak melupakan “sastra koran”. Karena di media cetak saya justru dibesarkan. Kedua media tersebut memiliki andil dalam mengasah talenta sastra saya. Meskipun cybersastra.net sudah tidak ada lagi, media baru terus bermunculan. Karena revolusi media sosial semakin menyuburkan perkembangan sastra cyber. Menguatkan tesis Faruk HT (2004) ada korelasi positif antara perkembangan teknologi komunikasi dengan kecanggihan kebudayaan.

Sekarang tidak terhitung lagi jumlah blog sastra yang meramaikan blogosphere. Penyair yang rutin berpuisi di dinding Facebook. Bahkan Twitter yang hanya menyediakan 140 karakter, melahirkan generasi baru penulisan fiksi seperti Fiksi Mini (@fiksimini). Kini ketika sastrawan kawakan ramai-ramai meng-online-kan karyanya, saya dengan bangga akan mengatakan: saya lahir dari rahim sastra cyber! (*)


I Was Born from Cyber Literature

By M Badri

The rise of www.cybersastra.net in mid 2001 ago became an important note for the development of literature in Indonesia. Many of the new poets were born from the cyber literature,including myself who studied to arrange words in the virtual media. It is new media for the publication of literature which is more democratic and does not recognize caste. It is a media alternative for the prospective writers who have not been able to penetrate the hegemony of "newspaper literature".

In cyber space literature, I learned to write, dialectic, including to accept insults and compliments. Because it provides open space for aesthetic and thematic freedom, some writers assess cyber literature as a "trash can". However, in "trash can" I began picking up words and making poems, short stories, essays and soliloquy.

Cyber literature also encourages the creation of multicultural literature. The erosion of geographical boundaries in cyberspace makes all cultural groups can co-exist, with each local characters. This is because, according to Mahayana (2010), locality in the literature is not just space, location, place or geographical area. Locality however has been reduced as the background (setting) in the text which informs place, situation, mood, or a picture of the cultural community.

Although derived from the literary genre of cyber, I did not forget the "newspaper literature". this is because in the print media I actually grew up. Both media have a role in sharpening my literary talents. Although cybersastra.net does not exists now, the new media continues to emerge. Social media revolution increasingly fosters the development of cyber literature. According to Faruk HT (2004), there is a positive correlation between the development of communication technology with cultural sophistication.

Now countless number of literary blogs emerge in the blogosphere. The poets regularly write on the walls of Facebook. Even Twitter, which provides only 140 characters, provokes to the rise of a new generation of fiction writing such as mini fiction (@ fiksimini). Now when the maestro writers publish their literature at online media, I will proudly say: I was born from the cyber literature! (*)

Dibacakan pada acara Korea-Asean Poet Literature Festival (KAPLF) II-2011 di Riau, 24-29 Oktober 2011